For many people who are beginning options trading, they make the mistake of investing too much of their money in the new business. And since I get this question a lot from new traders I wanted to take time to cover it in more detail.
A key part of a financial education is understanding the basics of risk management with respect to your entire portfolio; specifically how your income capabilities and your risk tolerance level should determine the allocation to options.
The Importance of an Emergency Fund
Before you even think about trading options (or any other investing for that matter) it is essential that you have set aside an adequate emergency fund to prepare yourself for the unexpected events. Although many experts may debate the actual amount of money needed in such a fund, the general consensus is that you should be able to support yourself for three to six months from your emergency fund.
Since an emergency fund is designed to protect yourself in case of an emergency, that cash should be easily accessible in a highly-liquid savings account or money market fund. Check out our post on the top 8 places to park your cash for ideas.
Under no circumstances should you think about investing these funds in options; given the risk management characteristics of emergency funds, this cash should only be placed in accounts that have very little risk attached to them. And never make any excuses as to why you “need” to take money out of it. It shouldn’t be used for a new car purchase or a new iPad.
Finding Cash to Invest in Options
Once your emergency fund is fully funded, you can start to think about the cash that is available to you for options trading. If you have any additional savings that is not a part of your emergency fund, this cash could conceivably be used as part of your allocation towards options trading.
In addition, I would make it a point to include or at least allocate any future income that you earn from your current job to grow your portfolio. Budget out your monthly expenses and include a line item for the “trading fund.” At least that’s why my wife and I do each month.
5 Things to Consider Before Investing
Although such a broad-based education in personal finance could take a lifetime to learn, a few key lessons that I have learned along the way and wanted to share are as follows:
- Always have an adequate emergency fund of at least 3-6 months.
- Do not invest in anything you don’t understand. Hence why we offer free education.
- Diversify your investments among asset classes, strategies, and timelines.
- Never invest money you can’t afford to lose (beginners pay attention here!)
- If you worry about risk management first, the profits will take care of themselves.
Options trading is an inherently risky financial activity that should only be pursued by those people who have developed effective risk management and asset allocation strategies. However, if you are willing to obtain the education and perform the hard work necessary to make money at it, options trading can be a very rewarding and profitable.